Maintenance Tips: Your guide to basic motorcycle maintenance
Many general checks can be carried out by the rider/owner but there may be safety and driving implications. For guidance, a skilled technician should be referred to for help in accordance to the manufacturer's service schedule and the Owner's manual or whenever you are unsure about what to do.
Note: Tyre pressure should be checked when tyres are cold. Check the tyre pressure against the manufacturers recommendations and check that the tread conforms to the legal requirements in accordance with your Owner's manual.
Check for smooth operation of the choke lever. Lubricate the choke cable if the operation is not smooth.
Nuts, bolts, fasteners
Check that all chassis nuts and bolts are tightened to their recommended torque values. Check that all safety clips, hose clamps and cable stays are in place and properly secured.
Rear Suspension Inspection
Support the motorcycle using a hoist or equivalent and raise the rear wheel off the ground. Hold the swing arm and move the rear wheel sideways with force to see if the axle bearings are worn. Check for worn swing arm bearings by grabbing the rear swing arm and attempting to move the swing arm side to side. The bearings should be replaced if any looseness is noted. Check the action of the shock absorber by compressing it several times. Check the entire shock absorber assembly for signs of leaks, damage or loose fasteners.
Check the coolant level and add recommended coolant if required. Check for leaks.
Start the engine and let it idle for 2-3 minutes. Stop the engine and wait 3 minutes. Remove the oil lever dipstick and wipe the oil from the dipstick with a clean cloth. With the motorcycle upright on level ground, insert the dipstick into the stick hole without screwing it in. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level. Add the recommended level of oil, if required. Reinstall the oil level dipstick.
Check the fuel lines and the fuel line fittings for deterioration, damage or leakage. Check the fuel valve vacuum tube for damage or pinched tube.
Warning: Loose, worn or damaged suspension parts impair motorcycle stability and control. Any damaged components should be repaired or replaced by a trained mechanic before riding. Riding a motorcycle with faulty suspension increases your risk of an accident and possible injury.
Take the vehicle off its stand and check the front and rear brake systems are operating. Check there are no brake fluid leaks.
Check that the clutch is operating correctly and that there are no clutch fluid leaks.
Warning: Never inspect and adjust the drive chain while the engine is running. Turn the ignition switch off, support the motorcycle on its stand and shift the transmission into neutral. Check the slack in the driver chain lower run midway between the sprockets. Lubricate the drive chain with the recommended gear oil or drive chain lubricant. Wipe off excess oil or chain lubricant.
Check for smooth throttle grip full opening and automatic full closing in all steering positions. Lubricate the throttle cable if the operation is not smooth.
Front Suspension Inspection
Check the action forks by operating the front brakes and compressing the front suspension several times. Check the entire assembly for signs of leaks, damage or loose fasteners.
Check that the headlight, tail/brake light, indicators and horn are functioning correctly. Engine stop switch and stand ignition cut-off system. Check that the engine stop switch and the stand ignition cut-off system are functioning correctly.
Disclaimer Should be serviced by an authorised dealer, unless the owner has proper tools and service data and is mechanically qualified. The information supplied is for advisory purposes only. In no way is it meant to replace the professional service and care offered by manufacturer authorised dealerships or emergency breakdown companies. Please seek professional advice should you need further help and assistance.